master's thesis
Karakteristike suvremenih ulja za traktore i načini zbrinjavanja rabljenog ulja u Republici Hrvatskoj

Josip Tomić (2016)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Mehanizacija poljoprivrede
Metadata
TitleKarakteristike suvremenih ulja za traktore i načini zbrinjavanja rabljenog ulja u Republici Hrvatskoj
AuthorJosip Tomić
Mentor(s)Dubravko Filipović (thesis advisor)
Abstract
U radu je obrađena tema ulja za traktore, mogućnosti njegovog zbrinjavanja i stanje otpadnih ulja u Republici Hrvatskoj. U traktorima se ulja koriste za podmazivanje sklopova kao što su motor, transmisija, hidraulika i kočnice. Proizvođači ulja proizvode ulja posebne namjene za pojedine sklopove ili univerzalna ulja koja se koriste za sve sklopove traktora. U novije vrijeme sve više se proizvode ulja koja su biološki razgradiva ili brzo razgradiva. Prikupljanje otpadnog ulja se u Republici Hrvatskoj vrši u nadležnosti Fonda za zaštitu okoliša i energentsku učinkovitost i Agencije za zaštitu okoliša. Otpadno ulje se prikuplja od proizvođača preko ovlaštenih sakupljača a oporabljuju ga ovlašteni oporabitelji termičkom ili materijalnom oporabom. U Republici Hrvatskoj se zadnjih godina prikupi i oporabi oko 35% proizvedenih količina otpadnog ulja te je taj postotak u padu. Napravljena je anketa na poljoprivrednim obiteljskim gospodarstvima manje i srednje veličine kako bi se dobila određena slika o načinu gospodarenja otpadnim uljima. Iz provedene ankete može se zaključiti da su glavni razlozi slabog prikupljanja otpadnog ulja iz poljoprivrede nemar i nedovoljna osviještenost poljoprivrednika o tome koliko je otpadno ulje štetno za okoliš. Ostali razlozi tome bi mogli biti premali broj ovlaštenih sakupljača otpadnih ulja ili da su oni slabo organizirani u pogledu prikupljanja ulja i informiranja proizvođača o načinu zbrinjavanja otpadnog ulja.
Keywordstractor oil classification universal oil biologically degradable oil waste oil oil disposal oil recovery
Committee MembersDubravko Filipović (committee chairperson)
Stjepan Pliestić (committee member)
Neven Voća (committee member)
Krešimir Čopec (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsMehanizacija poljoprivrede
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeAgricultural Engineering
Academic title abbreviationmag. ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-03-07
Parallel abstract (English)
In this paper the subject was on oils for tractors, posibility of safe disposal of waste oils and management of waste oils in Republic of Croatia. In tractors, oils are used for lubricating certain part sets such as engine, transmission, diferentials etc. and for hydraulic work. Oil producers make oil specialized for some part sets, and universal oils used for all part sets of tractor. Recently more and more oil producers produce oils that are biologically degradable, and fast degradable. Collecting of waste oils in Republic of Croatia is in jurisdiction of Fund of environmental care and energetic efficiency and Agency of environmental care. Waste oils are collected by authorized oil collectors and disposed of by authorized companies for oil recovery using thermic or material oil recovery method. In Republic of Croatia about 35% of produced waste oils are collected and recovered, and that percentage is decreasing. A survey was conducted in order to obtain a certain image about the management of waste oils .on small and medium-sized agricultural family farms. From that survey it can be concluded that the main reasons for the poor collection of waste oils from agriculture are nonchalance and insufficient awareness of farmers on how much waste oil is harmful to the environment. Other reasons could be too few authorized collectors of waste oils or that they are poorly organized in terms of collecting oil and informing producers about disposal of waste oil.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)traktor klasifikacija ulja univerzalna ulja biološki razgradiva ulja otpadna ulja zbrinjavanje ulja oporaba ulja
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:204:532994
CommitterValentina Bezek