master's thesis
Valorisation and importance of regional park "Mura-Drava"

Dejan Švenda (2016)
University of Zagreb
Faculty of Agriculture
Department of General Agronomy
Metadata
TitleValorizacija i značaj Regionalnog parka "Mura-Drava"
AuthorDejan Švenda
Mentor(s)Ivan Šimunić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Zaštićena područja predstavljaju temelj održivog razvoja u Europi i svijetu. Mura i Drava su jedne od posljednjih europskih prirodno-meandrirajućih rijeka u Europi, a karakterizira ih visoka razina biološke raznolikosti. Područje Mura-Drava koje je proglašeno regionalnim parkom, obilježava visoka razina krajobrazne raznolikosti, a riječni pečat čitavom području. Očuvane prirodne obale Mure i Drave, zajedno sa svojim biljnim i životinjskim svijetom tvore prepoznatljiv nizinski krajobraz rubnog dijela panonske nizine. Mala razvučena naselja žive u skladu s okolnom prirodom, rijekom, šumom, livadama i oranicama. Taj život u suglasju prirodnog i stvorenog dobra najveća je vrijednost kojoj je Drava i Mura temeljna okosnica. Prostor parka obilježava i značajna georaznolikost vezana uz raznolikost sedimenata pretežito kvartarne starosti (riječni šljunci, pijesci, eolski sedimenti –les) geomorfološke, hidromorfološke procese (npr. oblikovanje sprudova, meandara), nalaze minerala (zlato) i paleontološke nalaze (fosilni sisavci), pojave ugljene nafte i drugo. Park predstavlja osnovu za očuvanje biološke raznolikosti. Ove vrijednosti imaju značajan potencijal za razvoj geoturizma kao specifičan element ponude parka. Vlada Republike Hrvatske je dana 10. veljače 2011. donijela Uredbu o proglašenju Regionalnog parka Mura - Drava. Tom Uredbom je čitav tok rijeke Mure i Drave sukladno Zakonu o zaštiti prirode zaštićen u kategoriji regionalnog parka. Ovo je ujedno i prvi regionalni park u Republici Hrvatskoj. Regionalni park „Mura-Drava“ proteže se kroz pet županija: Međimursku, Varaždinsku, Koprivničko-križevačku, Virovitičko-podravsku i Osječko-baranjsku županiju, na ukupnoj površini od 87.680,52 ha. Upravljanje Regionalnim parkom „Mura-Drava“ obavlja se putem koordinacije županijskih javnih ustanova za upravljanje zaštićenim dijelovima prirode na način da svaka javna ustanova upravlja dijelom regionalnog parka koji se nalaze unutar teritorija županije.
Keywordsprotected areas rivers Mura and Drava regional park valorisation ekological importance
Parallel title (English)Valorisation and importance of regional park "Mura-Drava"
Committee MembersIvan Šimunić (committee chairperson)
Stjepan Husnjak (committee member)
Sonja Butula (committee member)
GranterUniversity of Zagreb
Faculty of Agriculture
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of General Agronomy
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeAgroecology
Academic title abbreviationmag. ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-05-30
Parallel abstract (English)
Protected areas present for sustainable development along Europe and generally in the world. Mura and Drava belong to the short list of the last naturally meandring european rivers, characterized by high level of bio-diversity. Gographically Mura-Drava area is proclaimed as a regional park. It is stressed as an area of high landscape diversity mostly formed by two main rivers. Preserved natural river banks of Mura and Drava, together with rich flora and fauna wild life, create a specific lowland landscape on the side zone of panonian lowland. Small extended villages which are developing in a relation with sourrounding nature values, rivers, forests, meadows and fertil agriculture land. It is a life in harmony with natural preserving activities balanced with sustainable progress. This kind of behaviour is charished the most and in the center of this life philosophy are rivers Mura and Drava. The area of the park is characterized by significant geodiversity related to the diversity of sediments which mostly date to the Quaternary period (river gravels, sands, Aeolian sediments -loess), geomorphological and hydromorphological processes (eg. the creation of sandbanks or meanders), mineral (gold) and paleontological (fossils of mammals) findings, appearance of coal, oil and other phenomena. The protection of geodiversity of Mura-Drava Park represents basis for the preservation of biodiversity. These values have a significant potential for the development of geo-tourism as a specific element of the park offer. The Croatian Government has confirmed official Declaration of regional park Mura, Drava on 10th February 2011. By this Declaration the complete area among rivers Mura and Drava according to Environment protection law is protected in category regional park. This was by far the very first regional park in Croatia. The regional park Mura-Drava stretches through five countries: Međimurje country, Varaždin country, Koprivnica-Križevci country, Virovitica-Podravina country and Osijek-Baranja country. Total surface covers 87.680,52 ha. Management of regional park Mura-Drava is setup as coordination of public institutions for protected area management which are responsible to manage part of regional park within and situated in every country.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)zaštićena područja rijeka Mura i Drava regionalni park valorizacija ekološki značaj
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:204:458094
CommitterValentina Bezek