master's thesis
Bioactive and chemical compounds content in different parsley cultivars (Peteroselinum crispum Mill.)

Anja Šagud (2016)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Povrćarstvo
Metadata
TitleSadržaj bioaktivnih i kemijskih spojeva različitih sorata peršina (Petroselinum crispum Mill.)
AuthorAnja Šagud
Mentor(s)Nadica Dobričević (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Povrtne kulture su važne za ljudsko zdravlje, a prvenstveno jer su bogat izvor bioaktivnih spojeva, pa tako i peršin koji se među ostalim povrtnim vrstama ističe u sadržaju vitamina C. Sadrži i minerale (kalij, kalcij, magnezij, fosfor), eterična ulja (-pinen, -mircen, -felandren, -pinen), beta karoten te vitamin E. Uzgaja se zbog lisnih plojki i korijena. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je utvrditi sadržaj bioaktivnih i kemijskih spojeva (sadržaj suhe tvari, topljive suhe tvari, ukupnih kiselina, pH, vitamina C, fenola, neflavonoida, flavonoida, ukupnih klorofila, klorofila a, klorofila b, ukupnih karotenoida te antioksidacijskog kapaciteta) u korijenu, peteljci i lisnoj plojki kod tri sorte peršina korjenaša, ('Halblange', 'Arat' i 'Eagle') i tri sorte peršina listaša (kovrčavih liski 'Mooskrause' i 'Petra' te glatkih liski 'Rialto'). Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju visok sadržaj vitamina C u lisnoj plojci sorte 'Rialto' (162,09 mg/100g vitamina C), visok sadržaj ukupnih fenola u lisnim plojkama svih istraživanih sorti (304,57 do 425,76 mg/L ukupnih fenola) te isticanje peteljki sorti peršina korjenaša ('Halblange', 'Arat', 'Eagle') prema sadržaju ukupnih fenola (151,22 do 165,12 mg/L ukupnih fenola). Od pigmentnih spojeva istraživan je sadržaj ukupnih klorofila i karotenoida, a lisne plojke svih sorti imale su nekoliko puta veći sadržaj ukupnih klorofila i ukupnih karotenoida u odnosu na peteljke. Sve sorte peršina pokazuju visoki antioksidacijski kapacitet zato što sadrže značajne količine bioaktivnih spojeva poput klorofila, karotenoida, fenola, flavonoida, neflavonoida i vitamina C.
Keywordsparsley vitamin C total phenols pigment compounds antioxidative capacity
Parallel title (English)Bioactive and chemical compounds content in different parsley cultivars (Peteroselinum crispum Mill.)
Committee MembersNadica Dobričević (committee chairperson)
Sandra Voća (committee member)
Sanja Fabek Uher (committee member)
Jana Šic Žlabur (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsPovrćarstvo
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeHorticulture
Academic title abbreviationmag. ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-11-29
Parallel abstract (English)
Vegetable crops are of immense importance for human health, foremost because they are a rich source of bioactive compounds. Parsley is notable among other vegetable species for its vitamin C content. It also contains minerals (potassium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus), essential oils (-pinene, -myrcene, -phellandrene, -pinene), beta carotene and vitamin E. Parsley is grown for its leaf lamina and root. The objective of this research was to determine the content of bioactive and chemical compounds (dry matter, soluble dry matter, total acidity, vitamin C, phenols, non-flavonoids, flavonoids, total chlorophylls, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total carotenoids and antioxidative capacity) in root, petiole and leaf lamina among three root parsley cultivars ('Halblange', 'Arat' and 'Eagle') and three leaf parsley cultivars (curled-leaf parsleys 'Mooskrause' and 'Petra' and flat-leafed parsley 'Rialto'). Results of the research show high content of vitamin C in leaf lamina of 'Rialto' cultivar (162,09 mg/100g vitamin C), total phenols in leaf laminas of all tested cultivars (304,57 to 425,76 mg/L) and high lighting the parsley petiole of root parsleys cultivars ('Hablange', 'Arat', 'Eagle') in content of total phenols (151,22 to 165,12 mg/L). Regarding pigment compounds, the content of total chlorophylls and carotenoids was examined and the leaf lamina of all researched cultivars had several times higher content of total chlorophylls and carotenoids compared to the petiole. All parsley cultivars show high antioxidative capacity due to significant amounts of bioactive compounds such as chlorophylls, carotenoids, phenols, flavonoids, non-flavonoids and vitamin C.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)peršin vitamin C ukupni fenoli pigmentni spojevi antioksidacijski kapacitet
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:204:718660
CommitterValentina Bezek