Access restricted to students and staff of home institution
master's thesis
Uloga bioplinskog postrojenja u razvoju ratarskog sektora

Hrvoje Sedmak (2017)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Agrarna ekonomika i ruralni razvoj
Metadata
TitleUloga bioplinskog postrojenja u razvoju ratarskog sektora
AuthorHrvoje Sedmak
Mentor(s)Branka Šakić Bobić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
EU je postavila energetske i klimatske ciljeve do 2020. godine, a među njima korištenje 20% obnovljivih izvora energije u neposrednoj potrošnji. Izgradnja bioplinskih postrojenja započinje 2009. godine i iz svake godine broj izgrađenih postrojenja raste. Republika Hrvatska raspolaže s više od 1,5 milijuna ha poljoprivrednog zemljišta, a aktivnih poljoprivrednika je samo 3,2% od ukupnog broja radno sposobnog stanovništva. Unatoč količini zemlje kojom se raspolaže, 45% potreba za hranom namiruje se uvozom. Više od 60% državnog poljoprivrednog zemljišta stoji neiskorišteno, a kada bi se samo dio stavio u funkciju bioplinskih postrojenja, zaposlilo vi se preko 2 000 ljudi i ostvarili prihodi poljoprivrednim gospodarstvima od preko 1,5 milijardi kuna godišnje. Većim poticanjem i ti bi brojevi rasli.Potražnja za električnom energijom raste i obnovljivi izvori su jedini održivi način kako osigurati dovoljne količine u budućnosti. Prednosti bioplinskih postrojenja pred ostalim vrstama elektrana su višestruke, od izravnog i neizravnog zapošljavanja ljudi u ruralnim krajevima do zatvaranja prirodnog proizvodnog kruga zbrinjavanjem biološkog otpada sa farmi i osiguravanjem biognojiva za potrebe proizvodnje silaže. Rad je napisan sa ciljem prikaza mogućnosti razvoja ratarskog sektora u Republici Hrvatskoj poticanjem izgradnje bioplinskog postrojenja. Potencijal iskorištavanja obnovljivih izvora energije u RH je iznimno velik ali nije dovoljno iskorišten. Povezivanje ratarskog sektora sa energetskim u vidu bioplinskog postrojenja, donijelo bi značajan doprinos zaštiti okoliša, energetskoj neovisnosti te osiguranje dohotka ratarima uz jačanje konkurentnosti na domaćem i stranom tržištu.
Keywordsbiogas plant investment crop farming electric energy
Committee MembersBranka Šakić Bobić (committee chairperson)
Lari Hadelan (committee member)
Vanja Jurišić (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsAgrarna ekonomika i ruralni razvoj
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeAgribusiness and Rural Development
Academic title abbreviationmag. ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2017
Parallel abstract (English)
This paper was written with one goal, to demonstrate opportunities for development of crop farming sector in Croatia by encouraging the construction of biogas plants. The potential use of renewable energy sources in Croatia is extremely large but underused. Connecting crop farming sector with energy in the form of biogas plants would bring a significant contribution to the environmental protection, energy independence and guaranteed income for farmers while strengthening their competitiveness on local and global market. The EU has set the energy and climate targets by 2020, including the use of 20% renewable energy sources in total energy consumption. The construction of biogas plants started in 2009 and each year the number of constructed plants grows. The Republic of Croatia has more than 1.5 million hectares of agricultural land and only 3.2% active farmers. Despite the area of land that we have, 45% of food needs are covered by import. More than 60% of the agricultural land owned by state is unused, and if only a part of that were put into usage for biogas, there could be employed over 2,000 people and farmers could achieve revenues of over 1.5 billion kunas per year. These numbers would grow by encouraging construction of biogas plants. Demand for electricity is growing and renewables are the only sustainable way to ensure sufficient quantities in the future. The advantages of biogas plants from other types of power plants are multiple, from direct and indirect employment of people in rural areas to the closing of the natural production cycle by disposing biological waste from farms and ensuring bio manure for the production.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)bioplinsko postrojenje ulaganje ratarstvo električna energija
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:204:097378
CommitterValentina Bezek