master's thesis
The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God
Variations and Formulations Throughout History

Dino Pašalić (2016)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Catholic Faculty of Theology
Department of Phylosophy and History
Chair of Philosophy
Metadata
TitleKozmološki arugmet za Božje postojanje : varijante i formulacije kroz povijest
AuthorDino Pašalić
Mentor(s)Šimo Šokčević (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Kozmološki argument polazi od iskustva stvorenoga svijeta, te je stoga razumljiv većini ljudi. On počiva na iskustvu i spoznaji da sve stvari imaju svoj uzrok, da se gibaju, te da moraju imati razlog svoga postojanja. Ovim radom željeli smo prikazati glavne postavke najbitnijih inačica kozmološkog argumenta, kod kojeg možemo raspoznati dvije verzije: argument iz kauzalnosti i argument iz kontingentnosti. Prvi tvrdi kako je Bog početak uzročnog lanca, dok drugi u Bogu vidi objašnjenje svijeta, odnosno svih kontingentnih stvari. Kauzalni argument obradit ćemo u kontekstu misli Tome Akvinskog, dok ćemo argument iz kontingentnosti prikazati kroz prizmu Leibnizove verzije, koja počiva na principu dovoljnog razloga, te verzije Galea i Prussa, koja počiva na slabom principu dovoljnog razloga. Na kraju smo prikazali induktivni argument Richarda Swinburnea koji je baziran na principu vjerojatnosti.
Keywordsthe cosmological argument the argument from causality the argument from contingency Thomas Aquinas the principle of sufficient reason
Parallel title (English)The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God : Variations and Formulations Throughout History
Committee MembersKarlo Višaticki (committee chairperson)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Catholic Faculty of Theology
Lower level organizational unitsDepartment of Phylosophy and History
Chair of Philosophy
PlaceĐakovo
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineHUMANISTIC SCIENCES
Theology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelintegrated undergraduate and graduate
Study programmeStudy of Philosophy and Theology
Academic title abbreviationmag.theol.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-16
Parallel abstract (English)
The cosmological argument starts from the experience of the created world, and is therefore understandable to most people. The argument is based on the experience and understanding that everything has it's cause, that it moves, and needs an explanation for it's existence. With this work, we aimed to demonstrate the main settings of the most crucial versions of the cosmological argument, which has two main versions: the argument from causality and the argument from contingency. The first one claims that God is the first cause of the causal chain, and the second one acknowledges God as the ultimate explanation of all contingent things. The argument from causality will be depicted in the context of the work of Thomas Aquinas, whereas the argument from contingency will be shown through the prism of Leibniz's version, which is based on the principle of sufficient reason, and the Gale-Pruss's version, which is based on the weak principle of sufficient reason. Finally, we tried to demonstrate Richard Swinburne's inductive cosmological argument, which is constructed on the principle of probability.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)kozmološki argument kauzalni argument argument iz kontingentnosti Toma Akvinski princip dovoljnog razloga.
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:120:801716
CommitterAnkica Landeka