master's thesis
The possibility of using pesticide plant species in combating diseases and pests on the farm

Adriana Šantić (2017)
Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Specijalna proizvodnja bilja
Metadata
TitleMogućnosti upotrebe pesticidnih biljnih vrsta u suzbijanju bolesti i štetnika na poljoprivrednom gospodarstvu
AuthorAdriana Šantić
Mentor(s)Martina Grdiša (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Mnogobrojne su biljne vrste od davnina korištene u suzbijanju različitih bolesti i štetnika. Njihovu primjenu potisnuli su sintetski insekticidi, međutim, zbog negativnih posljedica koje nosi njihova upotreba, nanovo se javlja interes za biljnim vrstama i njihovim metabolitima za primjenu u zaštiti bilja, bez negativnog djelovanja na okoliš, ljude, životinje i korisne organizme. Pored tradicionalno korištenih botaničkih pesticida (neem, piretrin, rotenon, kvazija), u prirodi raste veliki broj biljnih vrsta koje imaju veliki potencijal za korištenje u poljoprivredi. Mnoge od njih posjeduju insekticidna i repelentna svojstva; npr. lavanda (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.), kadulja (Salvia officinalis L.), timijan (Thymus vulgaris L.), bosiljak (Ocimum basilicum L.), kopriva (Urtica dioica L.), menta (Mentha x piperita L.), limunski eukaliptus (Corymbia citriodora /Hook./ K. D. Hill & L. A. S. Johnson) i vrste iz roda Cymbopogon sp. Neke od biljnih vrsta s fungicidnim svojstvima su luk (Aliium cepa L.), češnjak (Allium sativum L.), klinčićevac (Syzygium aromaticum /L./Merill & Perry), dok su neke od biljnih vrsta koje posjeduju nematocidna svojstva kadifice (Tagetes sp.), neven (Calendula officinalis L.) i vrste iz roda Chrysanthemum sp. Herbicidan učinak utvrđen je kod žljezdastog pajasena (Ailanthus altissima /Mill./ Swing), običnog (Juglans regia L.) i crnog oraha (Juglans nigra L.).
Keywordsplant insecticides essential oils Lamiaceae companion planting organic farming
Parallel title (English)The possibility of using pesticide plant species in combating diseases and pests on the farm
Committee MembersMartina Grdiša (committee chairperson)
Aleksandar Mešić (committee member)
Klaudija Carović-Stanko (committee member)
GranterSveučilište u Zagrebu
Agronomski fakultet
Lower level organizational unitsSpecijalna proizvodnja bilja
PlaceZagreb
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineBIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
Agronomy
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmePlant Sciences
Academic title abbreviationmag. ing. agr.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2017
Parallel abstract (English)
From the ancient times many plant species have been used in the prevention of various diseases and pests. Their use decreased with the event of synthetic insecticides; however, the negative consequences of their use resulted in renewing interest in plant metabolites which would be effective on various pests without the negative impact on the environment, humans, animals and beneficial organisms. In addition to the traditionally used botanical pesticides (neem, pyrethrin, rotenone, quassia), the large number of plant species with pesticide effect are grown wild and they have a great potential for use in agriculture. Many of them have insecticidal and repellent properties; e. g. lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.), sage (Salvia officinalis L.), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), nettle (Urtica dioica L.), mint (Mentha x piperita L.), lemon eucalyptus (Corymbia citriodora /Hook./ KD Hill & LAS Johnson) and the species of the genus Cymbopogon sp. Some of the plants with fungicide effect are onions (Aliium cepa L.), garlic (Allium sativum L.), clove (Syzygium aromaticum /L./Merill & Perry), while some of the plant species that have nematocidal properties are marigold (Tagetes sp.), marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) and species of the genus Chrysanthemum sp. Herbicidal activity was determined in tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima /Mill./ Swing), the common walnut (Juglans regia L.) and black walnut (Juglans nigra L.).
Parallel keywords (Croatian)biljni insekticidi ekološka poljoprivreda eterična ulja Lamiaceae združena sjetva
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:204:866501
CommitterValentina Bezek