master's thesis
THE NUTRITION OF THE LONG-EARED OWL (ASIO OTUS L. 1758) IN THE WINTER OF 2014/2015 IN THE WIDER AREA OF ŽUPANJA

Višnja Jovanovac (2016)
Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Department of biology
Metadata
Title"Ishrana sove male ušare (Asio otus L. 1758) tijekom zime 2014./2015. godine na području županjske Posavine".
AuthorVišnja Jovanovac
Mentor(s)Alma Mikuška (thesis advisor)
Abstract
Mala ušara (Asio otus L. 1758) je sova srednje veličine iz porodice pravih sova (Strigidae). S vremenom se prilagodila životu u neposrednoj blizini čovjeka te je vrsta ptice koja je danas sve brojnija u naseljenim područjima. U Crvenom popisu ugroženih vrsta IUCN-a mala ušara je klasificirana kao najmanje zabrinjavajuća (LC). Isti status ima i na Crvenom popisu ptica Hrvatske i zaštićena je Zakonom o zaštiti prirode. Cilj ovog diplomskog rada je istražiti ishranu populacije male ušare na području sela Strošinaca, Drenovaca i Bošnjaka i grada Županje tijekom zime 2014./2015. godine, te odrediti širinu ekološke niše zimujućih malih ušara na istraživanim lokalitetima. Također, cilj je i usporedba i dostupnost plijena u odnosu na poplave tijekom 2014. godine na istraživanom području. Od listopada 2014. do kraja veljače 2015. na sva 4 lokaliteta prikupljene su 1073 gvalice. Korištena je suha metoda čišćenja gvalica a ostaci plijena su determinirani pod lupom uz pomoć determinacijskih ključeva. Determinirano je 2476 jedinki plijena. U gvalicama su pronađeni ostaci plijena 13 vrsta sitnih sisavaca i ostaci razreda ptica (Aves sp.). Od determiniranih vrsta sitnih sisavaca najviše ih je pripadalo porodici Muridae i Cricetidae a najbrojnija vrsta je bila poljska voluharica (Microtus arvalis) s 80,60%. Prosječan broj jedinki plijena po gvalici iznosi 2,36. Najveći broj vrsta plijena (11) ulovile su male ušare u Županji u siječnju 2015. godine, a najmanje (2) u Bošnjacima u listopadu 2014. Ekološka niša malih ušara prema Levinovoj mjeri najšira je u Strošincima (5,92) a najuža u Bošnjacima (2,35). Uz to, najveće postotno preklapanje širine ekološke niše je kod malih ušara koje zimuju u Bošnjacima i Županji, a najmanje kod onih koje zimuju u Strošincima i Županji. Nije bilo statistički značajne razlike u sastavu plijena zimujućih malih ušara na istraživanim lokalitetima obzirom na poplavljenost staništa tijekom ljeta i jeseni 2014. godine.
KeywordsLong-eared owl Asio otus winter feeding pellets small mammals Županja Croatia
Parallel title (English)THE NUTRITION OF THE LONG-EARED OWL (ASIO OTUS L. 1758) IN THE WINTER OF 2014/2015 IN THE WIDER AREA OF ŽUPANJA
Committee MembersMirta Sudarić Bogojević (committee chairperson)
Enrih Merdić (committee member)
Alma Mikuška (committee member)
GranterJosip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek
Department of biology
PlaceOsijek
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineNATURAL SCIENCES
Biology
Study programme typeuniversity
Study levelgraduate
Study programmeMaster of Science Graduate University Study Programme in Biology and Chemistry; specializations in: Master Education In Chemistry and Biology
Study specializationMaster Education In Chemistry and Biology
Academic title abbreviationmag.educ.biol.et chem.
Genremaster's thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-08
Parallel abstract (English)
The long-eared owl (Asio otus L. 1758) is a medium-sized owl from the family of typical owls (Strigidae). With time it has adjusted to life in the immediate vicinity of man and is becoming a more numerous species in the urban areas. In the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species the long-eared owl is classified as Least Concern (LC). It has the same status on the Red List of Plants and Animals of the Republic of Croatia and is protected by the Nature Protection Act. The aim of this thesis is to study the feeding habits of the long-eared owl population in the rural areas of Strošinci, Drenovaci and Bošnjaci along with the city of Županja during the winter of 2014/2015, and determine the width of the ecological niche of the overwintering long-eared owls in the studied areas. A correlation between the availability of prey and the floods of 2014 is also analysed. In the time period from October 2014 through February 2015 the sum of 1073 pellets was collected on all 4 locations. The dry method of cleaning was used to clean the pellets. The prey remains were identified under the magnifying glass with the help of determination keys, and as a result 2476 kinds of pray were identified. In those pellets the remains of 13 species of small mammals and the remains of birds of class Aves sp. were found. From the determined types of small mammals, most of them belonged to the family Muridae and Cricetidae among which the most dominant species was common vole (Microtus arvalis) with 80.60%. The average number of prey per pellet was 2.36. The long-eared owls in Županja caught the largest number of different types of prey (11) in January 2015, and the smallest number (2) belongs to the Bošnjaci owls during October 2014. The ecological niche of long-eared owls, according to Levin's Measure of Niche Breadth, has the widest breadth in Strošinci (5.92) and the narrowest in Bošnjaci (2.35). The largest percentage of overlapping width of the ecological niche is with those owls wintering in Bošnjaci and Županja, and the smallest between those that spent the winter in Strošinci and Županja. There were no statistically significant differences in the composition of prey of overwintering long-eared owls in studied areas with respect to the flooding of the habitat during the summer and fall of 2014.Number of page: 67Number of figures: 22Number of tables: 12Number of reference: 81Original in: CroatianKey words: Long-eared owl, Asio otus, winter feeding, pellets, small mammals, Županja, CroatiaDate of the thesis defence:Reviewers:Enrih Merdić, PhD, associate professorMirta Sudarić Bogojević, PhD, assistant professorAlma Mikuška, PhD, assistant professorThesis deposited
Parallel keywords (Croatian)mala ušara Asio otus zimska ishrana gvalice sitni sisavci županjska Posavina Hrvatska
Resource typetext
Access conditionOpen access
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:181:526441
CommitterVesna Radman Meic